This is Part 8 of a series of 8 presenting "Why Was Luther Wrong" using Exsurge Domini from Pope Leo X. This section deals with Luther's errors onPurgatory.
37. Purgatory cannot be proved from Sacred Scripture which is in the canon.
"Proved" is a big word - but that Purgatory can be shown in Canon of Sacred Scripture, well that is quite easily demonstrated for those who have eyes to see and ears to hear! 2 Macc. 12:46; Matt. 5:26; Luke 12:59; Matt. 12:32.
38. The souls in purgatory are not sure of their salvation, at least not all; nor is it proved by any arguments or by the Scriptures that they are beyond the state of meriting or of increasing in charity.
This just shows a complete lack of understanding of what the teaching on Purgatory is. Only those who ARE SAVED can go to Purgatory. Those who are damned go straight to Hell. Interesting that in #37 he challenges the existence of Purgatory, but in 38, 39 and 40 he speaks as matter of fact regarding the souls IN Purgatory!
39. The souls in purgatory sin without intermission, as long as they seek rest and abhor punishment.
A judgment Luther makes regarding the souls in Purgatory - but he has no knowledge, nor place to make such a judgment from.
40. The souls freed from purgatory by the suffrages of the living are less happy than if they had made satisfactions by themselves.
Souls freed from Purgatory are happy, period - for they are now in the full glory of God, and can stand there because they are spotless and pure. There is no more animosity, no jealousy over how they were freed - they are simply happy because they ARE free. To be jealous or envious of not doing it for themselves would be a sin in and of itself - and therefore would keep them from entering Heaven. Sorry Martin, your logic just doesn't play out here. One more is listed and rather than a separate posting, I'll tag it along with the Purgatory posting.
41. Ecclesiastical prelates and secular princes would not act badly if they destroyed all of the money bags of beggary.
This is simply presumptuous of Luther to judge the prelates and secular princes so. One can just as easily argue that without the money bags, they would exude what they need/desire in other, perhaps even more cruel ways. See the Indices Page for the complete listing of these articles.